Nobel Peace Prize 1996

3D Fullerene Molecule

New forms of the element carbon – called fullerenes – in which the atoms are arranged in closed shells were discovered in 1985 by Robert F. Curl, Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Smalley. The number of carbon atoms in the shell can vary, and for this reason, numerous new carbon structures have become known. Formerly, six crystalline forms of the element carbon were known, namely two kinds of graphite, two kinds of diamond, chaoit and carbon(VI). The latter two were discovered in 1968 and 1972. 

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